Manure and other nutrients
Plants need nutrients to grow. Refer to the fertilization calendar when and with which you can fertilize the soil as best and avoid fatigue.
Plant extract from the bottom of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron and trace elements such as copper, boron, zinc and manganese. All of these nutrients are dissolved in water, taken up via the roots. Sometimes a shortage of nutrients that plants close to each other and of course waste is removed. Therefore, keep the nutrients in balance, so you improve the resistance and sensitivity of your plants.
Check out: Complete Guide to Soil to learn more about what makes up good soil
Soil Fatigue occurs when a plant has its own diet from the ground, making the soil slowly impoverished. As well as deteriorates the structure and increases the number of nematodes. Soil Fatigue can be recognized by discoloration on the leaves change and growth of the plant.
Crop Rotation and fertilizing
Crop Rotation is growing increasingly other crops according to a substitution scheme. So are you going to soil exhaustion. never again the same plant in the ornamental garden is more difficult, plant in his old place. Fight nematodes with marigolds and marigolds. Fertilize occasionally to prevent soil exhaustion.
Stick to the rules
Before you give extra nutrients always give the user some materials you may not simultaneously. Please note that over-fertilization or fertilization at the wrong time, which disturbs the soil.
The main nutrients are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K). The packaging of fertilizer NPK with the letters standing behind the rate.
N – Nitrogen
Nitrogen is important for healthy growth of green parts of the plant. It is a building block for proteins in the cells. Too much nitrogen has an influence on the size and operation of the cell. You will then be weak, water-rich plants that are susceptible to diseases and parasites.
P – Phosphorus
Phosphorus ensures a healthy root system, flowering and seed growth and fruit ripening. A lawn always needs phosphorus. Phosphorus is important in the first phase of growth. So give a newly landscaped garden straight enough phosphorus.
K – Potassium
Potassium provides strength, protection against drought and disease resistance. Sprinkle extra potassium if you sprinkled too much nitrogen. It restores balance without weakening the plant. Potassium also plays an important role in water management in the plants and the soil. It makes the plant economical deals with water.
For a rich soil
Organic fertilizers are made of natural raw material obtained from plants and / or animals. The organic fertilizer must first be broken down into the garden in the ground, because plants only take up minerals. This process enriches the soil and promotes and improves the structure. The plants pick up gradually after the degradation of the nutrients from the soil.
Which organic fertilizer?
Give dried manure or buy manure powder or pellets. There are also mixtures containing bacteria for additional enrichment of the soil.
Tips about organic fertilizers
We would like to give you a few tips:
- Manure is cow dung, which ancient, with straw reasonably dry and quite mixed.
- Blood, horn and bone meal made from animal waste. These are long-acting fertilizers well enrich the soil and are available in powder and granules. Bone meal contains a lot of calcium.
- Chicken manure is the most calcium-rich fertilizer. Do not give it to plants that like acidic soil. Pretty much nitrogen is also.
- Horse manure contains a lot of organic material. It is rapidly degraded by soil life and is very good for the soil. Note the salinity. There’s a lot of salt in manure riding stables where horses lick at salt licks.
- Avoid using pig manure. There are substances in high concentrations in which are not good for plants.
- Old mushroom earth can contain pesticides. ?
- A very good soil improvement is compost .
Mineral fertilizer is fertilizer . Fertilizer gives plants the right nutrients directly. It gives a growth surge but enriches the soil is not. By overuse soil even poorer. Plants in excessively fertilized soil are susceptible to diseases that pesticides are often needed. Love you to avoid over-fertilizing the dosage on the package.
There are special fertilizer mixtures for different plant groups. One plant has more need for certain nutrients than the other. The main ingredients are almost always composed of the common substances supplemented with small amounts of trace elements. There are special mixes for example, acid-soil plants, boxwood, hydrangeas, roses, conifers, climbers and so on. There are also special fertilizers for the lawn, for example, nitrogen-free autumn fertilizer which promotes the root growth, but not the leaf growth.
In the spring
Plants need a lot of nutrients during the growing season, especially if they are flowers and fruits. Fertilized therefore at the beginning of the season. Wait at least a month after liming. Give organic or specialty fertilizer.
When giving fertilizer?
Give fertilizer after pruning, mowing, as the plant has been ill and, if necessary, after the basic fertilizer. Fertilize up once every six weeks. Use fertilizer not after early September, because the plants hardened off going in winter.
When giving organic fertilizer?
Organic fertilizers work slowly and may give you the whole year. Give after mid-August prefer not organic fertilizer more, because these longer works than fertilizer. Additionally fungi grow well from August strewn organic fertilizer. Manure possibly around the longest day (21 June) again. Many plants make a second growth wave through and then use additional food.
Stop fertilizing in the fall and winter. The plants are at rest and do not require additional nutrients, except perhaps calcium and / or magnesium. Free nitrogen lawn fertilizer may be. That’s good for the rooting of the grass.
In the fertilization calendar shows when and with which you can fertilize. The figures from one to three and with stand for:
Lime Fertilization between November and no later than early February.
Organic fertilizers (dried cow dung, compost, blood meal pellets) from mid-March. Show to give a good, long-acting basic fertilizer.
Fertilizer once every four to six weeks to late August.