Mulching is the covering of the plants in soil around ornamental and vegetable garden with a layer of organic material. Mulching improves soil structure, helps control weeds, provides a permanent power supply layer and insulates against heat and cold.
Mulching is good for your plants and good for the soil. And for the environment you are used namely for garden waste. The advantages.
The layer of organic material inhibits the growth of weeds. If there is still knows what weeds germinate, it is easy to pull it out of the loose top layer.
Insulation and protection
Mulch covers the bottom and thus forms a layer of insulation against heat and cold. Frost draws less easily into the soil and strong sunlight does not penetrate to the bottom through which moisture is better retained. Raindrops fall directly on the ground, but first on the mulch. The soil is not too compacted by heavy raindrops and nutrients wash not just leave.
Nutrition and soil structure
Soil organisms feed on the mulch layer and put it in humus and moisture which in turn food for soil and plants. The soil structure improves soon after you start mulching. Even hard surfaces change in loose, fertile soil full of oxygen and nutrients.
less garden waste
You use your garden waste for mulch and that means considerably less waste.
Check out this post to ensure your mulch isn’t damaging your landscaping
When and how to Mulch?
Mulching do almost all year. In the summer protects against dryness and heat in the fall from too much rain, and in winter it keeps the worst frost in the ground. Only from early March to mid-May you cover the bottom no better. That’s the time that the soil needs to warm to germinate new plants. In early March so you take away the mulch. Use that old low as nice start for a new compost pile. Half or the end of May you go cover the ground again.
Start with thin and light layers between your emerging plants. Grass clippings is a perfect start low. Later, when the plants are stronger you going to hesitate a little less caution. The layer may be thicker and it is not very more if something gets on the plants, the wind blows it off there again. Work well with thin layers at a time, it should not go brew too much. Vary take some of the material you are using. By increasing the soil, the mulch breaks down faster. So stay supplement.
There are various types of mulch. Below you can read the different variants.
Grass and hay
Do you have a lawn? Then use the clippings to mulch. There are special mulching the grass finely cut . This is perfect to start your mulch layer, but later fill the layer with other materials. Incidentally, you can also make your lawn clippings lie of the mulching mower. The fine pieces pockets between the blades of grass and cover as the base of your turf. The composts and take the grass roots again nutrients. Also hay (dry grass) is a good material to create an airy layer
Collect fallen leaves and pruned on your lawn and mow it with the mulching mower. Mixed with grass they form a fine layer.
A mulch layer with a double feature you get with some herbs . Especially if you suffer from annoying insects in your garden you mix oregano, sage, mint, coriander and lavender . Insects are put by the smell of the herbs on the wrong track and let your crops alone.
Use straw especially in the summer months around like your strawberries . That means not only against weeds, but it also prevents low-hanging fruit lie rotting on the ground.
Even newspapers are adapted to cover and weeds to keep away for a long time you soil. Especially useful for vegetables which are further apart such as pumpkins. Put on the newspapers a layer of grass or compost so they do not blow away. The newspapers disappear again, because earthworms eat them.
Wood chips and bark
Wood, branches and bark can create a mulch if you make rather small shreds of a chopper. Especially suitable material for the ornamental garden.
Also, compost is a good mulch between your plants. Coat or even empty beds in your garden.
Sow in mulch
Before you start sowing or planting push aside the mulch layer first. After planting, lay the mulch back, wait again after sowing until the plants are big enough.