Rose Gardening Checklist
The most important factor while planting your roses is to check the pH balance of the soil which states whether the soil is acidic or alkaline. The soil test will determine what compounds are to be added to the soil while preparing the flower bed.
Check this post to learn more about quality soil
Once the soil texture is ascertained and the soil is ready, it is time to purchase your rose plant. This step is crucial and there should be no compromise on the quality.
Whether you choose from a plant grown in a pot or a bare root plant which is dormant, the quality should be the best. It is said that healthy plants which are dormant give a better bloom than those with long new shoots.
The best time for planting rose beds is in the spring. You can plant them in early spring or mid spring according to your convenience. But one thing you should remember that if you plant it in mid spring then you have to be careful that all the frost has dissolved.
Check Out: Plan Before Buying Rose Bushes
How to Plant a Rose
- Make sure the soil is well cultivated.
- Remove the root ball from the container, and soak it thoroughly.
- Prune any broken root ends.
- Dig a hole twice as wide and deep as the root ball.
- Refill the hole to same depth of root ball with quality compost.
- Place the rose root ball in the hole, and refill to 3/4 depth of the root ball and water thoroughly.
- Fill the hole the remaining amount with soil and pack lightly around the root ball.
Make sure you properly prune your roses, this post explains how
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Tools Needed for Rose Gardening
- Pruning Shears – You’ll need this tool almost everyday and it comes in 2 varieties. A bypass pruner looks somewhat like a scissor and is more preferable to an anvil pruner because it doesn’t seem to crush the tender stems of a rose. The blades of an anvil pruner meet on top and are stronger than a bypass pruner.
- Loppers – Well, you won’t need these if you are just kick-starting your rose garden. These babies are much more efficient than both the pruning shears and are required when the stems of the roses become much stronger and thicker. Don’t waste your money buying these right away, just wait for a few years when your roses have become more mature.
- Gardening Trowel – Select one with padded handles which just might save you a few bruises. Also, see if you can buy one made out of fiberglass as that tends to be more lightweight, yet it is sufficiently strong to do the down and dirty work.
- Wheelbarrow – Avoid those cutesy carts’ and buy a sturdy one. As your rose gardening hobby grows, you’ll need a durable wheelbarrow to lug stuff in and out of the garden.
- Gardening Gloves – Select industrial strength gloves because roses have prickly thorns.
- Kneeling Pad – Kneeling pads are great for keeping pressure off your knees while tending to your roses..
You might feel your rose gardening ventures are thwarted at every step – what with the hard winters wreaking havoc on the tender roses. Then the strong summer heat with the blistering sun and monsoon rains lashing down on them, you might wonder why you bother at all. Well, there is more bad news.
4 Common Rose Diseases
- Rose Fungus – This white, powdery mildew is deposited on the top and bottom of leaves and stems. It corrodes the growth of the plant and ultimately kills the flowers and stems.
- Rose Rust – This is an orange powder which appears on the underside of leaves and has the same detrimental effects as rose gardening fungus.
- Rose Black Spots – As the name suggests, these appear as tiny black spots on the leaves and the stems of your rose plants. If you ignore these, they just might destroy your rose garden in no time at all.
- Rose Mosaic Disease – This appears like an intricate yellow-green mosaic pattern and is amongst the most deadly rose viruses that can affect your plants. Apparently, there is no viable treatment for this disease.
To encourage big and beautiful blooms fertilizers are necessary. You have to fertilize the plant once every six weeks.
To avoid any type of fungal diseases and infections, spray a mix of dish soap and baking soda.
Solutions To Common Rose Growing Problems
- Extreme Weather Conditions – There is not much you can do to change the weather and short of erecting a hot-house you can’t even protect your roses from harsh climates. However, you can keep an eye out- and when you see harsh weather approaching take protective measures like covering your roses with tarpaulin to keep out the rains and so on.
- Cleanliness – On a regular basis, clean the beds and remove dead leaves, fallen debris, clippings, and so on.
- Hygiene – It is not just enough to clip away the dead stems and leaves. You must also brush them away from the rose beds and dispose of them in trash cans.
- Regular Pruning – Most gardeners will prune the sides of rose bushes without really thinking about what is going on inside. Well, you need to prune within the bush as well so that enough air is circulated to the inner flowers, leaves, and stems.
- Plug the Cuts – If you prune, you leave behind exposed inner area of stems. Seal them up with a special plant glue so that diseases and other insects cannot erode or eat away the delicate inner parts.